Adderall

Adderall

α-Methylphenethylamine

Stimulant

Adderall is a medication made up of mixed amphetamine salts, containing equal parts of racemic amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. This mixture creates a balanced ratio of dextroamphetamine and levoamphetamine, the two enantiomers of amphetamine. Adderall is an amphetamine, a classical stimulant substance of the phenethylamine class. The mechanism of action involves promoting release of the neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine.

Dextroamphetamine, Amphetamine, Mydayis, Concreta

Subjective effects include stimulation, focus enhancement, motivation enhancement, increased libido, appetite suppression, and euphoria. It is usually taken orally, but can also be insufflated, injected, or administered rectally. Lower doses tend to increase focus and productivity, while higher doses tend to increase sociability, sexual desire, and euphoria.

Adderall was first introduced in 1996 by Richwood Pharmaceuticals as a treatment for ADHD and narcolepsy. It is based on an older medication called Obetrol, which was originally marketed in the 1960s for weight loss, and contained a mixture of amphetamine salts. The development and approval of Adderall marked a significant advancement in ADHD treatment, due to its effectiveness in improving attention and reducing hyperactivity. Over the years, Adderall has become one of the most widely prescribed medications for ADHD, although it has also been subject to controversy and misuse due to its stimulant properties.